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北京大學楊立華教授做客我院“西北哲學講壇”
發布時間:[2020-12-14] 閱讀次數:[]

12yue11riwan,beijingdaxueyanglihuajiaoshouzuokewoyuan“xibeizhexuejiangtan”,weixueyuanshishengdailaileyichangtiwei“zhenzhizhilu:zhuangzidezhexue”dexueshujiangzuo。bencijiangzuoyouzhangxueguangyuanchangzhuchi,zhexuexueyuanshishengjiqitazhexueaihaozheqianlaitingjiang。

zaizhangyuanchangzuolejieshaohou,yangjiaoshoucong《zhuangzi》、“xiaoyao”、“tianlai”、“hezhiyishifei”dengduogefangmianweiraozhutizuolejingcaijiangshu。

shouxian,yanglihuajiaoshouzhuyaocong“《zhuangzi》dechuanbenwenti”、“nei、wai、zadefenpian”、“《zhuangzi》neipiandezhengtixinghewanchengdu”、“zhuangzishijiezhongderenwu”sigefangmianjiangshujingdianzhuzuo《zhuangzi》。yangjiaoshoujiangdao,guanyu《zhuangzi》you“neipian”7pian、“waipian”15pian、“zapian”11piandeshuofa,qizhongnaxieshiyouzhuangzibenrensuozuo?lidaixuezhedouyoubutongdekanfa。yangjiaoshoutidao,liuxiaoganjiaoshouzaiboshilunwen《zhuangzizhexuejiqiyanbian》dekaitoubufentongguoxiangjinkaozheng,faxianyuyanfazhanzhongdezhongyaoxiansuo,jidanzicidechuxianyidingzaoyushuangzici,bingqieliujiaoshoufaxian《zhuangzi》“neiqipian”ligainiandejiaohushiyongpinlvjigao,zhecongyigecemianfanyingchu“neiqipian”dezhengtixing。chucizhiwai,yangjiaoshoubuchong,zai《zhuangzi》de“waipian”he“zapian”liyouxiangdangbufendepianzhangshizaimofang“neipian”。qizhongzuizhumingdeshi《qiushuipian》,jiushizaitongpianmofang《xiaoyaoyou》。suoyi,yangjiaoshoudeguandianshi,womenyaodui《zhuangzi》jinxingzhenzhengdeyandu,zhongdianjiuyinggaifangzai《zhuangzi》de“neiqipian”。

jiezhu,yangjiaoshouzhuyaocong“xiaoyaoshiqidianhuanshimubiao”、“chenmozheyuyanshuozhe”、“dazhishiyedechangkai”、“xiaodazhibian”、“xiaoyaoyuxiaoyao”wugefangmiantan“xiaoyao”。dui“xiaoyao”erzidejieshishiyanjiuzhuangzidehexinwenti。weijinrenjie“xiaoyao”weimubiao,eryangjiaoshourenwei“xiaoyao”shiqidian。yangjiaoshoutandao,“xiaoyao”debenziwei“xiaoyao”,“xiao”、“yao”erzidouweifoudingyi,erfoudingshiweizhengtuo,bingqiejule《xiaoyaoyou》zhongpengdelizi“pengzhixiyunanmingye,shuijisanqianli,tuanfuyaoershangzhejiuwanli,quyiliuyuexizheye”。lingwai,yangjiaoshouhuanjiehelezijizaibolinxuexiqijiandequshidui“xiaoyao”jinxingleshengdongdejiangjie。

ranhou,yangjiaoshoutandao“you‘wusangwo’heyiyinchu‘tianlai’”、“‘chuiwanzhe’yu‘shiqiziji’”。《qiwulun》zhongxiedao“nanguoziqiyinjierzuo,yangtianerxu,dayansisangqiou。yanchengziyoulishihuqian,yue:‘hejuhu?xinggukeshirugaomu,erxingukeshirusihuihu?jinzhiyinjizhe,feixizhiyinjizheye’”。yanchengziyouyiweishi“zijue”rangziqixingrugaomu、xinruosihui,yushi“wusangwo”zhihouyinchu“renlai”、“dilai”、“tianlai”wenti,yong“tianlai”pochu“shi”、ji“zijue”。“fuchuiwanbutong,ershiqizijiye。xianqiziqu,nuzheqishuiye?”

disi,yangjiaoshouyoucong“kebukeyushifei”、“daoyinyuxiaocheng”、“yimingyuyinshi”、“weishibuyongeryuzhuyong”duogefangmiantan“hezhiyishifei”。zhuangzimeiyouyaoxiaochushifei,ershirenweishifeizhizhengyingbaoliuzaiyoudanxingdefanweinei。yangjiaoshouhuanjiangdaoyigerenyoubukebimiandepianhaowukehoufei,danbukeqiangjiayutaren,liruyiwenmingweijiekoudeyemanzhengfu。lingwai,yangjiaoshouhuanjiangdaozhuangzitichudeliangzhongqiwu,“laoshenmingweiyi”yu“zhitongweiyi”,erzhuangzishuyuhouzhe。

youyushijianyouxian,yangjiaoshoudiaozhenglejiangshousilu,cong“zuowang”、“jiandu”、“buzhizhizhiyuduti”dengfangmianjiangshu“dazongyuwushi”。tandaozhuangzidezhenzhizhiludetiancaishizhuanshen,zhuangziyishidao“buzhizhizhi”caishizuiquedingde“zhi”、caishi“zhenzhi”,erzuiquedingdebuzhidaoshi“wozhidaozijibuzhidaoshenme”yiji“wozhidaozijibuzhidaozijibuzhidaoshenme”。ciwai,yangjiaoshouhuantandaozhuangzizhongyaodegainian——“ming”,yukongmengde“ming”xiangjin,yincizhuangziherujiagengjin。

yangjiaoshoushenruqianchudejiangjie,yinqilexianchangzhenzhenreliezhangsheng,jifaletongxuemendexueshureqing,tigonglexueyuanxuekejiansheyufazhandezhongyaozhicheng。zhangxueguangjiaoshouduicicijiangzuojinxingzongjie,duiyanglihuajiaoshoudailaidezhechangjiangdaliangwenxiandeshenkejiedu、shujiyuanwendeqingxijiyi、lixingdejiangjieronghezaiyiqidexueshujiangzuozuochulegaodupingjia,biaoshixiwangyihounenggouzaiciyaoqingyangjiaoshoulaixuexiaozuojingcaidejiangjie。zuihou,tongxuemenreqingdishangqianyuyangjiaoshoutantaozhexuewenti、qingyangjiaoshouzaixinshu《zhuangzizhexueyanjiu》deshuyeshangqianming、yuyangjiaoshouheyingliunian,jiangzuoyuanmanjieshu。

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